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Core readings

Core Readings in Common Property Theory: Selected Works for a Library Collection in Mozambique Sent in July 1999

**** = first priority reading

Agrawal, Arun. 1998. "Group Size and Successful Collective Action: A Case Study of Forest Management Institutions in the Indian Himalayas." In Forest Resources and Institutions. C. Gibson, M. A. McKean, and E. Ostrom, eds. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University, International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI) Research Program (Forests, Trees and People Programme, Phase II, Working Paper no. 3).

Arnold, J. E. M. 1998. Managing Forests as Common Property. Rome: FAO. (FAO Forestry Paper, 136)

Bassett, Ellen M., and Harvey M. Jacobs 1997. "Community-Based Tenure Reform in Urban Africa: The Community Land Trust Experiment in Voi, Kenya." Land Use Policy 14(3):215-229.

Berkes, Fikret. 1987. "Common Property Resource Management and Cree Indian Fisherman in Subarctic Canada." In The Question of the Commons: The Culture and Ecology of Communal Resources. B. J. McCay and J. A. Acheson, eds. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press.

Berkes, Fikret. 1995. "Community-based Management of Common Property Resources." In Encyclopedia of Environmental Biology, Vol. 1. New York: Academic Press.

****Berkes, Fikret. 1992. "Success and Failure in Marine Coastal Fisheries of Turkey." In Making the Commons Work: Theory, Practice, and Policy. D. Bromley et al., eds. San Francisco: ICS Press.

****Berkes, Fikret, ed. 1989. "Introduction." In Common Property Resources: Ecology and Community-Based Sustainable Development. Pp.1-17. London: Belhaven.

Berkes, Fikret, Iain Davidson-Hunt, and Kerril Daidson-Hunt 1998. "Diversity of Common Property Resource Use and Diversity of Social Interests in the Western Indian Himalaya." Mountain Research and Development 18(1):19-33.

****Berkes, Fikret, Daivd Feeny, Bonnie J. McCay, and James M. Acheson 1989. "Las Ventajas de los Recursos Comunitarios." Hombre y Ambiente 11:111-123.

****Berkes, Fikret, David Feeny, Bonnie J. McCay, and James M. Acheson 1989. "The Benefits of the Commons." Nature 340(6229):91-93.

****Besserer, Frederic. 1997. "Communal Modernity: An Account of Places of Not-Places." Plantation Society in the Americas IV(2&3):173-199.

Borrini-Feyerabend, Grazia, ed. 1997. Beyond Fences: Seeking Social Sustainability in Conservation. Vols. 1-2. Gland, Switzerland: World Conservation Union (IUCN).

Brightman, Robert A. 1987. "Conservation and Resource Depletion: The Case of the Boreal Forest Algonquians." In The Question of the Commons: The Culture and Ecology of Communal Resources. B. J. McCay and J. M. Acheson, eds. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press.

Bromley, Daniel W. et al., eds. 1992. Making the Commons Work: Theory, Practice, and Policy. San Francisco: ICS Press.

Brosius, J. Peter, Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing, and Charles Zerner 1998. "Representing Communities: Histories and Politics of Community-Based Natural Resource Management." Society and Natural Resources 11(2):157-168.

Bruce, John W., and Louise Fortmann 1992. "Property and Forestry." Journal of Business Administration; Special Issues: Emerging Issues in Forest Policy 20(1-2):471-496.

Cosway, Nancy, and Steve A. Anankum 1996. "Traditional Leadership and Community Management in Northern Ghana." In Indigenous Organizations and Development. P. Blunt and D. M. Warren, eds. London: Intermediate Technology Publications. (IT Series in Indigenous Knowledge and Development).

****Diegues, Antonio Carlos. 1998. "Social Movements and the Remaking of the Commons in the Brazilian Amazon." In Privatizing Nature: Political Struggles for the Global Commons. M. Goldman, ed. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Eggertsson, Thrainn. 1998. "The Economic Rationale of Communal Resources." In Law and the Governance of Renewable Resources: Studies from Northern Europe and Africa. E. Berge and N. C. Stenseth, eds. Oakland, CA: ICS Press.

Feeny, David et al. 1997. "Formas de Propiedad y Acceso a los Recursos Naturales: Una Evaluacion de la Evidencia en Torno a 'La Tragedia de los Comunes'." Gaceta Ecologica (Mexico) 44:51-64.

****Feeny, David, Susan Hanna, and Arthur F. McEvoy 1996. "Questioning the Assumptions of the 'Tragedy of the Commons' Model of Fisheries." Land Economics 72(2):187-205.

****Feeny, David et al. 1990. "The Tragedy of the Commons: Twenty-Two Years Later." Human Ecology 18(1):1-19.
Felt, Larry, Barbara Neis, and Bonnie J. McCay 1997. "Comanagement." In Northwest Atlantic Groundfish: Perspectives in a Fishery Collapse. J. G. Boreman et al., eds. Bethseda, MD: American Fisheries Society.

****Fortmann, Louise, Camille Antinori, and Nontokozo Nabane 1997. "Fruits of Their Labors: Gender, Property Rights, and Tree Planting in Two Zimbabwe Villages." Rural Sociology 62(3):295-314.

****Getz, Wayne M. et al. 1999. "Sustaining Natural and Human Capital: Villagers and Scientists." Science 283(5409):1855-1856.

Gibson, Clark, Abwoli Y. Banana, and John Ntambirweki, eds. 1998. Common Property Resources Management in East Africa: Proceedings of the Regional Symposium on Common Property Resources Management in East Africa, Held in Kampala, March 26-28, 1996 under the Auspices of Makerere Institute of Social Research (MISR). Kampala, Uganda: Makerere Institute of Social Research (MISR). (Read: Introduction, pp. vi-xv; and Banana and Turiho-Habwe, pp. 140-156.)

Gibson, Clark C. 1994. "Politics First, Animals and Residents Second: 'Community-Based' Wildlife Policies and the Politics of Structural Choice in Zambia, 1983-1991." Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN. (Workshop Working Paper Series W94-17)

Gibson, Clark C., and Stuart A. Marks 1995. "Transforming Rural Hunters into Conservationists: An Assessment of Community-Based Wildlife Management Programs in Africa." World Development 23(6):941-957.

Hanna, Susan. 1998. "Co-Management in Small-Scale Fisheries: Creating Effective Links among Stakeholders." Presented at the International Workshop on Community-Based Natural Resource Management, World Bank et al., Washington, DC, May 10-14, 1998.

****Hanna, Susan, Carl Folke, and Karl-Goran Maler 1996. "Property Rights and the Natural Environment." In Rights to Nature: Ecological, Economic, Cultural, and Political Principles of Institutions for the Environment. S. S. Hanna, C. Folke, and K-G. Maler, eds. Washington, DC: Island Press. (Beijer International Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden)

****Hanna, Susan, and Svein Jentoft 1996. "Human Use of the Natural Environment: An Overview of Social and Economic Dimensions." In Rights to Nature: Ecological, Economic, Cultural, and Political Principles of Institutions for the Environment. S. S. Hanna, C. Folke, and K-G. Maler, eds. Washington, DC: Island Press. (Beijer International Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden)

Hanna, Susan, and Mohan Munasinghe, eds. 1995. Property Rights and The Environment: Social and Ecological Issues. Stockholm and Washington, DC: The Beijer International Institute of Ecological Economics and the World Bank.

Hanna, Susan, and Mohan Munasinghe, eds. 1995. Property Rights in a Social and Ecological Context; Case Studies and Design Applications. Stockholm and Washington, DC: The Beijer Institute and the World Bank.

Hanna, Susan S., Carl Folke, and Karl-Gören Mäler, eds. 1996. Rights to Nature; Ecological, Economic, Cultural, and Political Principles of Institutions for the Environment. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Hardin, Garrett. 1968. "The Tragedy of the Commons." Science 162:1243-1248.

Hess, Charlotte. 1999. A Comprehensive Bibliography of Common Pool Resources (CD-Rom). Bloomington, IN: Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis.

Institute for Environmental Studies. 1995. "Case Studies of Community-Based Forestry Enterprises in the Americas; Presented at the Symposium 'Forestry in the Americas: Community-Based Management and Sustainability' University of Wisconsin-Madison, February 3-4, 1995." Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI.

****Jentoft, Svein, Bonnie J. McCay, and Douglas C. Wilson 1998. "Social Theory and Fisheries Co-management." Marine Policy 22(4-5):423-436.

Jodha, Narpat S. 1995. "Common Property Resources and the Dynamics of Rural Poverty in India's Dry Regions." Unasylva 180 46(1):23-30.

Korten, David C. 1986. "Community-based Resource Management." In Community Management: Asian Experience and Perspectives. D. C. Korten, ed. Westport, CT: Kumarian Press.

Lamson, Cynthia, and Fay G. Cohen, eds. 1984. Proceedings of a Workshop on Community-Based Resource Management, April 17-19, 1984. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Dalhousie Ocean Studies Programme and the Institute for Resource and Environmental Studies, Dalhousie University. (Working Group on the Human Ecology of Coastal Areas).

Lane, Charles R. 1998. "Overview of the Pastoral Problematic." In Custodians of the Commons; Pastoral Land Tenure in East and West Africa. C. R. Lane London: Earthscan.

Langill, Steve, ed. 1999. Institutional Analysis: Readings and Resources for Researchers, Volume 5. Ontario, Canada: International Development Research Centre.

Leach, M., R. Mearns, and I. Scoones 1999. "Environmental Entitlements: Dynamics and Institutions in Community-Based Natural Resource Management." World Development 27(2):225-247.

Leach, Melissa, Robin Mearns, and Ian Scoones 1997. "Challenges to Community-Based Sustainable Development: Dynamics, Entitlements, Institutions." IDS Bulletin 28(4):4-14.

Leach, Melissa, Robin Mearns, and Ian Scoones, eds. 1997. Community-Based Sustainable Development: Consensus or Conflict? October London: Institute of Development Studies. (IDS Bulletin Vol. 28 no. 4).

Leach, Melissa, Robin Mearns, and Ian Scoones 1997. "Community-Based Sustainable Development: Consensus or Conflict? Editorial." IDS Bulletin 28(4):1-3.

Lynch, Owen. 1995. "Balancing Acts: Community-Based Forest Management and National Law in Asia and Pacific." Social Change and Development 7(2) (http://www.sais-jhu.edu/depts/scnd/news/vol7_no2/balance.html)

Lynch, Owen J. 1998. "Law, Pluralism and the Promotion of Sustainable Community-Based Forest Management." Unasylva 49(194):52-56. (http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/FORESTRY/UNASYLVA/DEFAULT.HTM)

Lynch, Owen J., and Kirk Talbott 1995. Balancing Acts: Community-Based Forest Management and National Law in Asia and the Pacific. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute.

McCay, Bonnie J. 1998. "Co-Managing the Commons." Presented at the International Workshop on Community-Based Natural Resource Management, World Bank et al., Washington, DC, May 10-14, 1998.

McCay, Bonnie J. 1989. "Sea Tenure and the Culture of the Commoners." In A Sea of Small Boats. J. C. Cordell, ed. Cambridge, MA: Cultural Survival. (Cultural Survival Report, no. 26)

****McCay, Bonnie J., and James M. Acheson, eds. 1990."Human Ecology of the Commons." In The Question of the Commons: The Culture and Ecology of Communal Resources. Pp.1-36 2nd printing of 1987 ed. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press. (Arizona Studies in Human Ecology)

McCay, Bonnie J., and James M. Acheson, eds. 1990. The Question of the Commons: The Culture and Ecology of Communal Resources. 2nd printing of 1987 ed. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press. (Arizona Studies in Human Ecology)

****McCay, Bonnie J., and Svein Jentoft 1998. "Market or Community Failure? Critical Perspectives on Common Property Research." Human Organization 57(1):21-29.

****McCay, Bonnie J., and Svein Jentoft 1996. "From the Bottom Up: Participatory Issues in Fisheries Management." Society and Natural Resources 9:237-250.

****McKean, Margaret A. 1992. "Management of Traditional Common Lands (Iriaichi) in Japan." In Making the Commons Work: Theory, Practice, and Policy. D. Bromley et al., eds. San Francisco: ICS Press.

****McKean, Margaret A. 1992. "Success on the Commons: A Comparative Examination of Institutions for Common Property Resource Management." Journal of Theoretical Politics 43(3):247-281.

****McKean, Margaret A., and Elinor Ostrom 1995. "Common Property Regimes in the Forest: Just a Relic from the Past?" Unasylva 46(180):3-15.

Messerschmidt, Donald A., ed. 1993. Common Forest Resource Management: Annotated Bibliography of Asia, Africa and Latin America. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). (Forests, Trees and People; Community Forestry Note, no. 11)

Murombedzi, James C. 1998. "The Evolving Context of Community Based Natural Resources Management in Sub-Saharan Africa in Historical Perspective." Presented at the International Workshop on Community-Based Natural Resource Management, World Bank et al., Washington, DC, May 10-14, 1998.

Murphree, M. W. "Optimal Principles and Pragmatic Strategies: Creating an Enabling Politico-Legal Environment for Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM)." Presented at the Conference of the Natural Resources Management Programme, Chobe, Botswana, April 3, 1995.

Murphree, Marshall W. 1996. "Articulating Voices from the Commons: Interpretation, Translation and Facilitation." Keynote Address presented at "Voices from the Commons," the Sixth Annual Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property, Berkeley, CA, June 5-8, 1996.

Murphree, Marshall W. 1993. "Communities as Resource Management Institutions." International Institute for Environment and Development, London. (Gatekeeper Series, no. 36)

Nabane, Nontokozo. 1994. "A Gender Sensitive Analysis of a Community Based Wildlife Utilization Initiative in Zimbabwe's Zambezi Valley." Centre for Applied Social Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe. (CASS Natural Resources Management Occasional Paper Series)

Nabane, Nontokozo, and Gordon Matzke 1997. "A Gender-Sensitive Analysis of a Community-Based Wildlife Utilization Initiative in Zimbabwe's Zambezi Valley." Society and Natural Resources 10(6):519-536.

Nisbet, Robert. 1990. The Quest for Community: A Study in the Ethics of Order and Freedom. San Francisco: ICS Press. (ICS Series in Self-Governance)

****Oakerson, Ronald J. 1992. "Analyzing the Commons: A Framework." In Making the Commons Work: Theory, Practice, and Policy. D. Bromley et al., eds. San Francisco: ICS Press.

****Orlove, Benjamin S. 1991. "Mapping Reeds and Reading Maps: The Politics of Representation in Lake Titicaca." American Ethnologist 18(1):3-38.

Ostrom, Elinor. 1999. "Principios de Diseno Y Amenazas a Las Organizaciones Sustentables que Administran Recursos Comunes (Spanish Translation of: Design Principles and Threats to Sustainable Organizations that Manage Commons)." (Working Paper)

****Ostrom, Elinor. 1998. "Institutional Analysis, Design Principles, and Threats to Sustainable Community Governance and Management of Commons." In Law and the Governance of Renewable Resources: Studies from Northern Europe and Africa. E. Berge and N. C. Stenseth, eds. Oakland, CA: ICS Press.

****Ostrom, Elinor. 1998. "Reformulating the Commons." Center for the Study of Institutions, Population, and Environmental Change, Indiana Unviersity, Bloomingotn, IN. Background paper for a plenary presentation on "Common Property Rights, Natural Resources and Sustainability," at the Fifth Biennial Conference of the International Society for Ecological Economics, on "Policies and Institutions for Sustainability," in Santiago, Chile, November 15-19, 1998. (W98-28)

Ostrom, Elinor. 1997. "Esquemas Institucionales para el Manejo Exitoso de Recursos Comunes." Gaceta Ecologica 45:32-48.

Ostrom, Elinor. 1995. "Designing Complexity to Govern Complexity." In Property Rights and the Environment: Social and Ecological Issues. S. Hanna and M. Munasinghe, eds. Washington, DC: The Beijer International Institute of Ecololgical Economics and the World Bank.

Ostrom, Elinor. 1992. Crafting Institutions for Self-Governing Irrigation Systems. San Francisco: ICS Press. (A Publication of the Center for Self-Governance.)

****Ostrom, Elinor. 1990. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. New York: Cambridge University Press. (The Political Economy of Institutions and Decisions)

****Ostrom, Elinor, Roy Gardner, and James M. Walker 1994. "Institutional Analysis and Common-Pool Resources." In Rules, Games and Common-Pool Resources. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

****Ostrom, Elinor et al. 1999. "Revisiting the Commons: Local Lessons, Global Challenges." Science 284(5412):278-82.

****Peters, Pauline E. 1987. "Embedded Systems and Rooted Models: The Grazing Lands of Botswana and the 'Commons' Debate." In The Question of the Commons: The Culture and Ecology of Communal Resources. B. J. McCay and J. M. Acheson, eds. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press.

Pinkerton, Evelyn. 1994. "Local Fisheries Co-management: A Review of International Experiences and Their Implications for Salmon Management in British Columbia." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 51:2363-2378.

Pinkerton, Evelyn, and Martin Weinstein 1995. "Fisheries That Work: Sustainability Through Community-Based Management." (Report) David Suzuki Foundation, Vancouver, British Columbia.

****Polski, Margaret M., and Elinor Ostrom 1998. "An Institutional Framework for Policy Analysis and Design." Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN. (Workshop Working Paper Series no. W98-27)

Pomeroy, Robert S. 1991. "Small-Scale Fisheries Management and Development: Towards a Community-Based Approach." Marine Policy:39-48.

Pomeroy, R. S. 1991. "Toward a Community Based Approach to Small-Scale Fisheries Management and Development." In Small-Scale Fishery Development: Sociocultural Perspectives. J. J. Poggie and R. B. Pollnac, eds. Kingston, RI: International Center for Marine Resource Development.

****Pomeroy, Robert S., and Fikret Berkes 1997. "Two to Tango: The Role of Government in Fisheries Co-management." Marine Policy 21(5):465-480.

Ruddle, Kenneth. 1998. "The Context of Policy Design for Existing Community-Based Fisheries Management Systems in the Pacific Islands." Ocean & Coastal Management 40(2):105-126.

Ruddle, Kenneth. 1994. "A Guide to the Literature on Traditional Community-Based Fishery Management in the Asia-Pacific Tropics." Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. (FAO Fisheries Circular no. 869)

Ruddle, Kenneth. 1993. "External Forces and Change in Traditional Community-Based Fishery Management Systems in the Asia-Pacific Region." Maritime Anthropological Studies (MAST) 6(1-2):1-37.

Runge, C. Ford. 1981. "Common Property Externalities: Isolation, Assurance and Resource Depletion in a Traditional Grazing Context." American Journal of Agriculture Economics 63:595-606.

****Schlager, Edella, and Elinor Ostrom 1992. "Property Rights Regimes and Natural Resources: A Conceptual Analysis." Land Economics 68(3):249-62.

****Schroeder, Richard A. 1997. "'Re-claiming' Land in The Gambia: Gendered Property Rights and Environmental Intervention." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 87(3):487-508.

Seabright, Paul. 1993. "Managing Local Commons: Theoretical Issues in Incentive Design." Journal of Economic Perspectives 7(4):113-134.

Shepherd, Gill. 1988. "The Reality of the Commons: Answering Hardin from Somalia." Overseas Development Institute, London, England. (Social Forestry Network Paper 6d)

Singleton, Sara, and Michael Taylor 1992. "Common Property, Collective Action and Community." Journal of Theoretical Politics 4:309-324.

Smith, Allan H., and Fikret Berkes 1993. "Community-Based Use of Mangrove Resources in St. Lucia." International Journal of Environmental Studies 43:123-131.

Tang, Shui-Yan. 1992. Institutions and Collective Action: Self-Governance in Irrigation. San Francisco: ICS Press.

****Thomson, James T., and Karen Schoonmaker Freudenberger 1997. Crafting Institutional Arrangemenets for Community Forestry. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). (Community Forestry Field Manual, no. 7)

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). 1991. Nature & Resources: Managing Our Common Resources; Vol. 27, no. 4. D.Silk, ed. Park Ridge, NY: Parthenon.

Uphoff, Norman. 1998. "Community-Based Natural Resource Management: Connecting Micro and Macro Processes, and People with their Environments." Presented at the International Workshop on Community-Based Natural Resource Management, World Bank et al., Washington, DC, May 10-14, 1998.

Wade, Robert.1987. Village Republics: Economic Conditions for Collective Action in South India. New York: Cambridge University Press. (Cambridge South Asian Studies, no.40)

White, Thomas Anderson, and C. Ford Runge 1995. "Cooperative Watershed Management in Haiti: Common Property and Collective Action." Unasylva 180 46(1):50-57.

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